Neurological Paediatric  Physiotherapy

 

  • Neurological conditions arise from damage to the central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system.
  • The result can be difficulties with movement , muscle tone, sensation, strength and balance.
  • Normal milestone development will also be altered.

 

♦ Conditions:

  •  Cerebral Palsy : Complete or partial loss of the ability to move a body part
  •  Ataxia and dyspraxia: Patient has difficulties with balance and fine movements
  • Head injuries caused at birth or accident
  • Spinal cord diseases for example Spina bifida
  • Cancers of the brain and spinal cord
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Peripheral nerve injury

♦ Treatment

  • Normalise muscle tone
  • Increase range of movement
  • Improving muscle strength , balance and coordination
  • Improve quality of life – Develop milestones for example rolling, sitting , standing, walking
  • Advice parents and teachers on proper handling of child
  • Improve gross and fine motor skills

 

Developmental delay

Neurological physiotherapy is based around the principle that the brain is dynamic and able to adapt to change, thus treatment must start as early as possible for the child’s brain to adapt easily and respond well to treatment.

Treatment

  • Increase muscle strength and control so the child will be able to shift body weight and balance better.
  • Muscle stretching to lengthen muscle and increase range of movement
  • Improve head and trunk control
  • Increase mobility and ability to walk
  • Advice on supportive devices (wheelchairs, orthotics)
  • Hydrotherapy – relaxes stiff muscles, joints and maximises mobility in water

 

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