• Myofascial release of tight muscles, muscle spasms and trigger points (knots)
  • Digital ischemic pressure (direct pressure to skin over trigger points)
  • Massage and lymph drainage
  • Passive movement applied to joints
  • Restores full rage of motion
  • Reduces pain by activating different nerve fibres
  • Improve neuromuscular function
  • Improves circulation to area
  • Distraction of joint surfaces
  • Used for nerve root compressions as a result of disc herniation, narrowing of vertebral foramen
  • Use of sterile acupuncture needles to eliminate trigger points (knots), tightness and pain
  • Stimulate inflammatory reaction in body to promote healing

Sports preventative strapping

  • Immobilise weak/injured joints to prevent injury
  • Use of rigid sports tape
  • Provides stability and proprioceptive feedback
  • – eg ankle, knee, wrist, shoulder

Mc Connel’s strapping

  • Specialised strapping technique for knee pain
  • Improves tracking of the knee cap (patella)
  • Reduces pain
  • Corrects biomechanics to allow strengthening

Kinesiology taping

  • Elastic taping
  • Actively supports without restricting movement
  • Doesn’t limit circulation
  • Supports muscle activity and joint mobility
  • Lymph drainage


  • Increase blood flow
  • Relax muscles
  • Reduce pain


  • Reduce blood flow
  • Control swelling and bruising (reduce inflammation)
  • Reduce pain


Thermal (continuous)

  • Increase local blood flow
  • Increase extensibility of tissue
  • Decrease pain

Non-thermal (pulsed)

  • Micro massage
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Decrease pain

  • Interferential Therapy

    • Pain relief
    • Reduces swelling
    • Muscle stimulation


    • Pain relief
    • Increase cell regeneration
    • Reduces muscle spasm
    • Reduces inflammation
    • Young children with chest problems that struggles to clear secretions
    • Use of small suction catheter to suction out secretions via the nasal passages
    • Specialised technique for lower back pain
    • Combination of physiotherapy and exercise to help “centralise” pain by moving pain away from the extremities to the back
    • Focus on self-healing and self-treatment